«ﭘﻴﺘﺮ ﺳﻮِﺭﻳﻦ ﻛﺮﻭﻳﺮ، ﻧﻘﺎﺵ ﺩاﻧﻤﺎﺭﻛﻲ ﺯاﺩﻩ ي ﻧﺮﻭﮊ»

«ﭘﻴﺘﺮ ﺳﻮِﺭﻳﻦ ﻛﺮﻭﻳﺮ، ﻧﻘﺎﺵ ﺩاﻧﻤﺎﺭﻛﻲ ﺯاﺩﻩ ي ﻧﺮﻭﮊ»

Krøyer_museum_maanedenbillede_sep_2011_600x250

ﻣﺎﻫﻴﮕﻴﺮاﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻛﺸﻴﺪﻥ ﺗﻮﺭ از ﺁﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﺣﻞ ﺷﻤﺎﻝ . اﻭاﺧﺮ ﻋﺼﺮ.” (1883)
اﺛﺮ: ﭘﻴﺘﺮ ﺳﻮِﺭﻳﻦ ﻛﺮﻭﻳﺮ, ﻧﻘﺎﺵ ﺩاﻧﻤﺎﺭﻛﻲ (1909-1851)

ﭘﻴﺘﺮ ﻛﺮﻭﻳﺮ اﻭﻟﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﻝ 1882 اﺯ “اﺳﻜﻪ ﻳﻦ” ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﺣﻞ ﺷﻤﺎﻟﻲ ﺩاﻧﻤﺎﺭﻙ ﺩﻳﺪﻥ ميکند. ﻋﺸﻖ و ﻋﻼﻗﻪ ي ﻭاﻓﺮﺵ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻮاﺣﻞ و ﻣﺤﻴﻄ اﻃﺮاﻓﺶ, و ﻧﻴﺰ اﺷﺘﻴﺎﻗﺶ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ و ﺑﺮﺧﺎﺳﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻫﻨﺮﻣﻨﺪاﻥ ﭘﺎﻱ اﻭ ﺭا ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻲ ﺗﺎﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ اﻳﻨﺠﺎ ﻣﻲ ﻛﺸﺎﻧﺪ.

ﻛﺮﻭﻳﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ 1889 ﺑﺎ ﻣﺎﺭﻱ ﺗﺮﻳﭙﻜﻪ, ﻛﻪ اﻭ ﻫﻢ ﻫﻨﺮﻣﻨﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ, اﺯﺩﻭاﺝ ﻛﺮﺩ و ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ 1894 ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮاﻩ ﻫﻤﺴﺮﺵ اﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺑﺎﻏﺴﺘﺎﻥ اﺳﻜﻪ ﻳﻦ, ﻛﻪ ﻣﺤﻞ اﻗﺎﻣﺖ ﺳﺮﭘﺮﺳﺖ ﭘﻴﺮ اﺩاﺭﻩ ﺛﺒﺖ اﺣﻮاﻝ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺑﻮﺩ, ﺭا اﺟﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ و ﺁﻥ ﺭا ﺑﺎﺯﺳﺎﺯﻱ ﻛﻨﺪ, ﻋﻤﺎﺭﺗﻲ ﻛﻪ اﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺭا ﺑﻪ اﺳﻢ “ﻋﻤﺎﺭﺕ ﻛﺮﻭﻳﺮ” ﻣﻴﺸﻨﺎﺳﻨﺪ. ﻳﻚ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺩﺧﺘﺮﺷﺎﻥ “ﻭﻳﺒﻪ ﻛﻪ” ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻣﻲ ﺁﻳﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻃﻼﻕ ﻣﺎﺭﻱ و ﻛﺮﻭﻳﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ 1906 ﻣﺪﺕ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻱ ﺭا ﺻﺮﻑ ﻣﺮاﻗﺒـﺖ اﺯ ﭘﺪﺭﺵ ﺩﺭ اﺳﻜﻪ ﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﻜند.

ﻛﺮﻭﻳﺮ اﺯ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ اﺑﺘﺪاﻱ ﻭﺭﻭﺩش ﺑﻪ اﺳﻜﻪ ﻳﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮاﻥ ﻫﻨﺮﻣﻨﺪﻱ ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ, و ﺣﻀﻮﺭﺵ ﻧﻆﺮ و ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺭا ﺑﻪ ﺳﻮﻱ ﻋﻤﺎﺭﺕ ﻫﻨﺮﻣﻨﺪاﻥ در اﺳﻜﻪ ﻳﻦ ﺟﻠﺐ ﻣﻴﻜﺮﺩ. ﻫﻨﺮﻣﻨﺪاﻥ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻱ ﺑﺮاﻱ ﻛﺎﺭ و ﺗﻔﺮﻳﺢ ﺩﺭ اﻳﻨﺠﺎ ﺟﻤﻊ ﻣﻴﺸﺪﻧﺪ و ﺗﺎﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺭا ﺳﭙﺮﻱ ﻣﻴﻜﺮﺩﻧﺪ – و ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ اﺯ ﺟﺸﻦ ﻫﺎﺷﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ اﺑﺘﻜﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﻭﻳﺮ ﻓﺮاﻫﻢ ﻣﻴﺸﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻱ ﻛﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ اﻭ ﻟﺬﺕ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻱ ﻫﻢ اﺯ ﺟﺸﻦ و ﻣﻬﻤﺎﻧﻲ ﻫﺎﻱ اﻳﻨﭽﻨﻴﻨﻲ ﻣﻴﺒﺮﺩ.

ﺷﻬﺮﺕ و ﻣﺤﺒﻮﺑﻴﺖ ﻛﺮﻭﻳﺮ ﺑﺮﺧﺎﺳﺘﻪ اﺯ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﻫﺎﻳﻴﺴﺖ ﻛﻪ اﻭ ﺩﺭ اﺳﻜﻪ ﻳﻦ ﺁﻓﺮﻳﺪﻩ, ﺁﺛﺎﺭﻱ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ي ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﺁﺳﻮﺩﻩ و ﻓﺎﺭﻏﺒﺎﻟﻲ ﻫﻨﺮﻣﻨﺪاﻥ, اﻃﻤﻌﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﮔﻮﻧﺎﮔﻮﻥ , ﻗﺪﻡ ﺯﺩﻥ ﻫﺎﻱ اﻃﺮاﻑ ﺳﺎﺣﻞ و ﻏﺮﻭﺏ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﻴﺎﺩﻣﺎﻧﺪﻧﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻳﺮ ﻧﻮﺭ ﻣﻬﺘﺎﺏ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮ ﻛﺸﻴﺪﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ اﺳﺖ.

ﻛﺮﻭﻳﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﻃﺮ اﺑﺘﻼ ي ﺑﻪ ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﻇﺎﻫﺮا ﺭﻭاﻧﭙﺮﻳﺸﻲ و اﻓﺴﺮﺩﮔﻲ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ اﻱ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ, ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ اﻭاﻳﻞ ﺳﺪﻩ ي ﺑﻴﺴﺘﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻴﻤﺎﺭﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﻴﺪﻟﻔﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺴﺘﺮﻱ ﺷﺪ. اﻳﻦ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﺳﻼﻣﺘﻲ اﻭ ﺭا ﭼﻨﺎﻥ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺒﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺮاﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻣﺮﮒ ﺯﻭﺩﻫﻨﮕﺎﻣﺶ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻮاﻣﺒﺮ 1909 ﺩﺭ ﺳﻦ 58 ﺳﺎﻟﮕﻲ ﺸﺩ. پيکر ﻭﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻠﻮاﺭ اﺳﻜﻪ ﻳﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﻙ ﺳﭙﺮﺩﻩ ﺷﺪ.

 

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